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Youth Suicide Rate

6.3 per 100,000 Travis County youth between ages 15 and 24 committed suicide in 2012

Significance of Indicator: According to the American Psychological Association, citing Centers for Disease Control data, suicide is the third leading cause of death for people between 15 and 24, and one in five U.S. teens seriously consider suicide each year.

what the data tell us

Travis County’s youth suicide rate has typically fluctuated around the rates for the state and nation as a whole. However, from 2010 to 2012, the rate fell and is below the rate for the state and the nation. In 2012, Travis County’s age-adjusted suicide rate, among 15 to 24 year-olds, was 6.3 per 100,000, representing 10 completed suicides, lower than the rate for Texas (11.2 per 100,000) and the United States (10.9 per 100,000). This rate represents a decrease from 2007, when the rate was 11.6 per 100,000.

Click on this graph to download an excel spreadsheet with expanded information

Definition: The number per 100,000 of completed youth suicides (ages 15 to 24)

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services, Center for Health Statistics, National rate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention

Data Considerations: The reported rate is age-adjusted to account for differences in age distributions. Age adjustments are made by the Department of State Health Services based on the 2000 population. More information on age adjustment is available from the Centers for Disease Control here. Data before 1999 should not be compared to subsequent years, due to changes in the International Classification of Diseases that occurred at this time. Due to margins of error, changes shown on graph may not represent statistically significant differences.

a closer look at the story behind the indicators

Click any of the section titles below to view related graph and information.

youth suicide rates, Texas, by race and ethnicity

In the state of Texas, youth identified as White are more likely to complete suicide than youth of other races and ethnicities. Youth identified as a race or ethnicity other than Black, Hispanic, or White also appear to have had a higher risk of suicide in certain years. In 2012, there were 15.3 suicides per White youth between the ages of 15 and 24, compared to 9.0 per 1,000 among Black youth, 8.9 per 1,000 among Hispanic youth, and 7.4 per 1,000 among youth of other races and ethnicities.

Click on this graph to download an excel spreadsheet with expanded information

Definition: The number per 100,000 of completed youth suicides (ages 15 to 24), by race and ethnicity, Texas

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.

Data Considerations: The reported rate is age-adjusted to account for differences in age distributions. Age adjustments are made by the Department of State Health Services based on the 2000 population. More information on age adjustment is available from the Centers for Disease Control here. Data before 1999 should not be compared to subsequent years, due to changes in the International Classification of Diseases that occurred at this time. Due to margins of error, changes shown on graph may not represent statistically significant differences.

youth suicide rates, Travis County, by race and ethnicity

Due to smaller population sizes, and less frequent occurrences, youth suicide data by race and ethnicity are more limited for Travis County than the state as a whole. In 2012, there were 10.8 suicides deaths per 1,000 youth ages 15 to 24 in Travis County.

Click on this graph to download an excel spreadsheet with expanded information

Definition: The number per 100,000 of completed youth suicides (ages 15 to 24), by race and ethnicity, Travis County

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.

Data Considerations: The reported rate is age-adjusted to account for differences in age distributions. Age adjustments are made by the Department of State Health Services based on the 2000 population. More information on age adjustment is available from the Centers for Disease Control here. Data before 1999 should not be compared to subsequent years, due to changes in the International Classification of Diseases that occurred at this time. Due to margins of error, changes shown on graph may not represent statistically significant differences.

youth suicide rates, Texas, by gender

Males are more likely than females to complete suicide in Texas. In 2012, males accounted for 83% of completed suicides among youth between 15 and 24 in Texas. The youth suicide rate was 18 per 1,000 males 15 to 24, compared to 3.9 per 1,000 females ages 15 to 24 in 2012. The Centers for Disease Control notes that, nationwide, although males are more likely to complete suicide than females, females are more likely than males to attempt suicide.

Click on this graph to download an excel spreadsheet with expanded information

Definition: The number per 100,000 of completed youth suicides (ages 15 to 24), by gender, Texas

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.

Data Considerations: The reported rate is age-adjusted to account for differences in age distributions. Age adjustments are made by the Department of State Health Services based on the 2000 population. More information on age adjustment is available from the Centers for Disease Control here. Data before 1999 should not be compared to subsequent years, due to changes in the International Classification of Diseases that occurred at this time. Due to margins of error, changes shown on graph may not represent statistically significant differences.

youth suicide rates, Travis County, by gender

Due to smaller population sizes, and less frequent occurrences, youth suicide data by gender are more limited for Travis County than the state as a whole. Males make up a greater share of youth who complete suicide than females in Travis County. In 2012, made up 70% of youth between 15 and 24 who completed suicide in Travis County. The Centers for Disease Control notes that, nationwide, although males are more likely to complete suicide than females, females are more likely than males to attempt suicide.

Click on this graph to download an excel spreadsheet with expanded information

Definition: The number per 100,000 of completed youth suicides (ages 15 to 24), by gender, Travis County

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services, Center for Health Statistics.

Data Considerations: The reported rate is age-adjusted to account for differences in age distributions. Age adjustments are made by the Department of State Health Services based on the 2000 population. More information on age adjustment is available from the Centers for Disease Control here. Data before 1999 should not be compared to subsequent years, due to changes in the International Classification of Diseases that occurred at this time. Due to margins of error, changes shown on graph may not represent statistically significant differences.

the story behind the indicator

Travis County’s youth suicide rate has typically fluctuated around the rates for the state and nation as a whole. However, from 2010 to 2012, the rate fell and is below the rate for the state and the nation. For the state as a whole, youth suicide is more common among youth identifying as White, compared to other races and ethnicities. Males are more likely to complete suicide than females, although the Centers for Disease Control notes that females are more likely than males to attempt suicide. According to Mental Health America, suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15 to 24-year olds nationwide. According to 2013 data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, 16.7% of public and private high school students in Texas seriously considered attempting suicide and 10.1% actually attempted suicide one or more times in the year before they completed the survey.

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline provides a list of warning signs that may indicate that someone is at-risk for suicide. The Suicide Prevention Lifeline is available 24 hours a day at 1-800-272-TALK (8255). Help for individuals who are deaf , hard of hearing, or use a TTY is available at 1-800-799-4TTY (4889). Locally, Austin Travis County Integral Care’s crisis hotline provides 24/7 counseling for psychiatric crises: 512-472-HELP (4357). The Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, and Transgender Youth Suicide Hotline provides services at 1-866-4U-TREVOR.

some local efforts to improve this indicator

Contributors for this indicator

The Child and Youth Mental Health Planning Partnership, especially the subcommittee for developing indicators: Barbara Ball, SafePlace, and Kris Downing, Communities in Schools of Central Texas.