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Pregnancies to Residents Ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19

The rate of teen pregnancies has declined in Travis County. In 2014, there were 26.9 pregnancies per 1,000 females age 13-19 in Travis County, compared to 37 pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 13-19 in Texas as a whole.

 

Significance of Indicator: According to Youth.gov, a partnership between a number of federal agencies, teen pregnancy and childbirth lower the chances parents will complete a high school diploma or post-secondary degree. Furthermore, children born to teen parents may experience a number of challenges, including low birthweight and high infant mortality, less preparedness for kindergarten, more behavioral health issues and chronic medical conditions, a higher risk of incarceration, and lower educational and employment outcomes.

what the data tell us

The rate of teen pregnancies has declined steadily over the years shown in Travis County, while the state of Texas saw an increase in 2014. In recent years, Travis County has had a consistently lower rate of teen pregnancies than the state as a whole. In 2014, there were 26.9 pregnancies among Travis County residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females in the same age group, compared to 37 per 1,000 in the state as a whole.

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Definition: Pregnancies to residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services

Data Considerations: This rate represents the total number of teen pregnancies, including live births and fetal losses.

The story behind the indicator

The rate of pregnancies per 1,000 teens ages 13 to 19 has declined steadily over the years shown in both Travis County and the State of Texas as a whole, and, in recent years, Travis County has had a consistently lower rate of teen pregnancies than the state as a whole. The rate of live births to teens between ages 15 and 19, another common measure, has declined as well, though Travis County’s rate remains above the rate for the United States as a whole. Although the exact reasons for the nationwide decline are somewhat uncertain, the Centers for Disease Control indicates that teens seem to be less sexually active overall, and birth control use is more common among teens who are.

According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health, about 77% of teen pregnancies are unplanned, and nationwide, 89% of teen births occur outside of marriage. Teen pregnancy and birth often results in challenges for both the mother and infant. According to the CDC, challenges include lower educational attainment, increased health issues, increased risk of incarceration, and higher rates of unemployment.

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the story behind the indicator

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Teen Pregnancy, by Race

Rates of pregnancy among females between 13 and 19 are higher for Black and Latino teens than for White teens and teens of other races, although these rates have decreased over time. Latino teens have consistently experienced the highest rates of teen pregnancies among the races and ethnicities shown here. In 2014, there were 41.7 pregnancies to Latino residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19 of the same race, 38.4 pregnancies to Black residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19 of the same race, 9.6 pregnancies to White residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19 of the same race, and 8.5 pregnancies to residents of other races and ethnicities ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19 of the other races and ethnicities.

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Definition: Pregnancies to residents ages 13 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 13 to 19, by race and ethnicity

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services

Data Considerations: This rate represents the total number of teen pregnancies, including live births and fetal losses.

Births to Teens, 15 to 19

The rate of live births per 1,000 females between ages 15 and 19 is another common measure of teen birth rates. Travis County and the state of Texas have had a consistently higher teen birth rate than the nation as a whole, although the rate has dropped in recent years. Travis County’s teen birth rate has been approaching the rate for the U.S. has a whole. In 2014, there were 29.4 live births to females between 15 and 19 in Travis County, compared to 36.3 per 1,000 in Texas, and 24.2 per 1,000 in the United States.

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Definition: Live births to residents ages 15 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services. National data from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health

Data Considerations: This rate represents only the total number of live births and excludes fetal losses. Note that the age range shown on the graph differs from other indicators on this page.

Births to Teens, 15 to 19, by Race and Ethnicity

As with pregnancies to teens ages 13 to 19, Hispanic teens have a higher rate of live births per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19 than teens of other races and ethnicities. In 2014, there were 50.6 live births per 1,000 Hispanic females between ages 15 and 19, compared to 36.7 per 1,000 Black females ages 15 to 19, 7.8 per 1,000 White females ages 15 to 19, and 5.8 per 1,000 females of other races and ethnicities ages 15 to 19 in Travis County.

Click on this graph to download an excel workbook with expanded information

Definition: Live births to residents ages 15 to 19 per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19, by race

Data Source: Texas Department of State Health Services. National data from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Adolescent Health

Data Considerations: This rate represents only the total number of live births and excludes fetal losses. Note that the age range shown on the graph differs from other indicators on this page.

Additional Data