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Outcome: Children and youth are aware of, appreciate, and demonstrate behaviors of personal and social responsibility


Significance of Indicator: The National Institute of Health reports that there are four types of costs incurred as a result of crime:

  1. victim costs: direct economic losses suffered by crime victims
  2. criminal justice system costs
  3. crime career costs: opportunity costs associated with the criminal’s choice to engage in illegal rather than legal and productive activities
  4. intangible costs: indirect losses suffered by crime victims, including pain and suffering, decreased quality of life, and psychological distress.

Furthermore, juvenile criminal activity is associated with higher criminal activity as an adult.

How we are doing on this Indicator: The juvenile crime rate in Travis County and Texas has generally been lower than the national rate. The Travis County rate was slightly higher in Travis County than in Texas. In all three jurisdictions, juvenile crimes rates have dropped since 2006. In Travis County, rates have fallen by 23% since 2006.

what the data tell us

Definition: Rate per 100,000 of total arrests of children ages 10-17 for the offenses of murder, manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Data Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation: Kids Count Data Center, 2006-2010; Texas Department of Public Safety; U.S. Department of Justice

Data Considerations: The rates do not necessarily reflect individuals. Rather, they indicate individual charges when an arrest has occurred.

The Story Behind the Indicator

In Travis County, Texas, and the U.S. as a whole, juvenile violent crime rates have dropped since 2006. Throughout the period, the juvenile crime rate was lower in both Travis County and Texas than in the United States. From 2006 to 2010, crime in Travis County dropped by about 23%. Travis County has generally experienced a higher juvenile crime rate than the state as a whole. In 2010, the Travis County rate (150.1) slightly exceeded the Texas rate (145.5).

Some Local Efforts to Improve this Indicator

A Closer Look at the Story Behind the Indicators

Click any of the section titles below to view related graph and information.

Total Referrals to Travis County Juvenile Probation

The number of referrals to Travis County's juvenile probation department has been declining.

Definition: Any occasion when a child 10-16 years old is brought to the Travis County Juvenile Probation Department for alleged delinquent conduct.

Data Source: Travis County Juvenile Probation Department

Data Considerations: Data is reported by fiscal year and not by actual year.

Percent of Juvenile Referrals Behavioral Health Needs

A significantly high percentage of juvenile probation referrals who are screened demonstrate mental health needs and/or substance abuse needs.

Definition: The percent of referrals with dispositions (a final determination by a court on a criminal charge) where the child was found to have mental health and/or substance abuse needs during the screening process.

Data Source: Travis County Juvenile Probation Department

Data Considerations: Data is reported by fiscal year and not by actual year.

The following individuals/organizations contributed to the development of this indicator.

Travis County Juvenile Probation Department

CAN (formerly Community Action Network) / Kevin Paris